What Is Taproot?

  • 2023 Oct 14

Taproot represents a soft fork consolidation of BIP 340, 341, and 342, with the primary objective of enhancing blockchain scalability, efficiency, and privacy by introducing several innovative features.

The foremost changes encompass the incorporation of the Merkelized Abstract Syntax Tree (MAST) and Schnorr Signatures. MAST introduces a provision that enables both the sender and recipient of a transaction to jointly authorize its execution. Meanwhile, Schnorr Signatures empowers users to amalgamate multiple signatures into a single entity for a solitary transaction. This results in multi-signature transactions closely resembling standard or more intricate ones. With the introduction of this novel address format, users can also enjoy cost savings on transaction fees, as even complex transactions take on the appearance of straightforward, single-signature transactions.

While long-term HODLers may not immediately discern a substantial impact, Taproot has the potential to serve as a pivotal milestone in equipping the network with smart contract functionality. Notably, Schnorr Signatures lay the groundwork for the development of sophisticated applications atop the existing blockchain as users increasingly transition to Taproot addresses. Should users embrace Taproot, it has the potential to ultimately foster the creation of the network’s DeFi (Decentralized Finance) ecosystem, capable of competing with counterparts on alternative blockchains such as Ethereum